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Stream Restoration & Riparian Renovation
Clear water.....healthy fish......wildlife corridors.  Is your stream clear and clean? 
 
Since the 1800's, waterways have taken much of the abuse that our land managment mistakes have caused.  Siltation of streams is one of the most signifcant forms of pollution that occurs.  Widespread channelization has also taken place on many of our creeks and rivers, increasing runoff, and ultimately slowing streamflow.  Instead of a meandering brook, we end up with a lifeless ditch, offerring little in terms of water quality or fisheries diversity.
 
Fortunately, a little work goes a long way to restoring natural conditions.  Installation of logjams, boulders, and v-pools can create fish habitat in a short time.  Proper forest managment keeps streams shaded, effectively lowering average water temperature.  Our staff and contractors utilize the following experts to tackle stream projects: fisheries biologists, technicians, fishing guides, geo-architects and soil hydrologists.  We also work within the community to build appreciation for proper stream protection and conservation.

Riparian Zone Stabilization & Restoration

As water becomes an ever precious resource throughout the country, watershed protection is quickly being mandated in many regions and counties. From a purely ecologically perspective, healthy streams benefit many layers in the landscape and conserve the unique soils which surround them. While trees and shrubs are typically recommended for streambank stabilization, wetland meadows with prairie grasses are a good alternative and offer some distinct advantages. Our staff has the experience to assist landowners with state and federal cost-share programs to make sure that methods are specifically catered to the land.

Staff Availability for Research & Inventory
A few of our staff members are also available to assist other companies or agencies with stream sampling, restorative efforts, or other studies. We also have a 15' Riverhawk Flats skiff that can transport a small crew and gear in water as shallow as 5 inches.

For more information on obtaining a technician for a day, week, or longer - Contact WFE's owner, Brandon Price. He has experience as a intern fisheries technician with the USFS Center for Aquatic Technology Transfer in Blacksburg, VA. Phone: 919-414-8046

 

Brook Trout Re-establishment

The brook char (Salvelinus fontinalis) is the only representative species of the Salmonidae family that is historically native to the southeastern U.S.  Found in small, clear  headwater streams, brook trout require well-oxgenated water that does not exceed 70 deg. F, but generally prosper in slightly colder streams.
 
Successful restorations typically require removal of non-native species, such as rainbow and brown trout.  Without this step, the competitors generally will crowd out the more sensitive brook trout.
 
Brown and Rainbow Trout
Salmo trutta, better known as the brown trout, are originally from Europe.  Oncorhyncus mykiss, rainbow trout, are native to the Sierra range in the western U.S.  Both species will usually tolerate less pristine conditions and can be stocked in good habitat where brook trout will not prosper or survive.
 
Sampling
Before tackling any stream renovation, it's important to inventory the current species that are present.  It's equally vital to investigate historical data in order to focus efforts on restoration for specific goals.
 
Crews use a variety of techniques to sample streams for fish species.  While electro-shocking is a proven sampling method, netting or conventional fishing techniques will often provide enough information to determine what species are present.